Born in Wheatley in 1875, son of Wheatley-born George Allen, agricultural labourer, and Mary Allen nee Smith, domestic servant born in Stanton St John. In 1881 they were living in Blenheim, Wheatley. Joseph attended Wheatley Elementary school. By 1901 he was himself a labourer living on Station Road, married to Rose Etta nee Munt, also born in Wheatley, whom he had married on 11 July 1897 at Headington Registry Office: they had three children. By 1911 he was a dairyman's labourer and they had moved to Kiln Lane. Several of the name having served in the Royal Army Service Corps, it has not been possible to locate his war record. See also reference to him in the Wheatley Tribunal chapter. Joseph signed his Attestation papers on 12 December 1915. His regimental number was 42011810 with the Company Rank of Driver, the equivalent of Private. He left the service on 10 August 1919 and joined the Army Reserve on demobilisation.