48 High Street

  • Mrs Russell, postmistress circa 1890
  • 48 High Street as Barclays Bank, courtesy of Barclays Bank
  • Thatch being removed at 48 High Street, probably when Phipps acquired the premises in 1960. This photo is also attributed to 1961 in a publication 'Around Wheatley'
  • 48 High Street as Yeats shop
  • 48 High Street. Shop closed and for sale in 2000
  • 2018. 48 High Street
  • 1988, 48 High Street trading as Lavells as shown in the Merry Bells Centenary booklet
  • 48 High Street as Yeats shop, date not known
  • 2019. 48 High Street
  • The High Street frontage when trading as Phipps
  • 1950s when 48 High Street was trading as Phipps
  • Barlays bank when at 4 Station Road (this is to the left of the garage to 48 High Street)
  • Extract from 1952 aerial photo showing 48 High Street still thatch and with a chimney at the Station Road end
  • Plan showing sequence of occupiers of 48 High Street and 2-4 Station Road from 1847-2005
  • Arkell receipt dated 1951
Archive Notes:

Once a thatched cottage, probably built at a similar time (1776) as its neighbour at 46 High Street, this building has been much altered and extended. In 1847 it was the Post Office run by William Lovelock, who was also the registrar of births, marriages and deaths. In the same building he also ran a general shop selling groceries, drapery and provisions, and according to the directory and gazetteer of 1852 he dealt in British wines too. He lived in Stile Cottage, Farm Close Lane, see record 2429. The next postmaster was John Russell and he was succeeded on his death by his wife, Mary Jane Russell. As her photograph shows, she modelled herself in appearance on Queen Victoria. Following the illness of Mrs Russell, control of the property moved to her sister, Elizabeth Farthing who lived in and owned 7, Farm Close Lane, as shown in the Inland Revenue document attached to this record. This shows that this property, 48 High Street, was sold in 1908, the buyer being Maud Tubb (from in the 1910 Valuation survey). Alice Tubb, aged 33 - presumably the daughter of Maud - was the postmistress in 1911. By 1915, Mrs Maud Isles had become the postmistress, and was still in this position in 1920. The Post Office moved to 107 High Street in about 1926 when the shop, fronting the High Street, became Barclays Bank, its only thatched branch in England.. From reminiscences of Evan and Edith Bax, there is also a suggestion that in the 1930s, there was still a post or telegraph office element then run by Miss Iles and Miss Radford. West's Butcher (known as ‘East and West’ as a Mr East was employed) had moved from what-is-now 2 Church Road (see record 1286) around the start of the Second World War to, probably, 4 Station Road. Despite the planning application for change of use in 1954 (possibly to regularise the position, see https://data.southoxon.gov.uk/ccm/support/Main.jsp?MODULE=HistoryDetails&REF=P54/M0334), it is understood that Frederick Arkell took over 2 Station Road (in 2020 the Barber's shop), also at around the start of the Second World War as a stationer and paper shop as described in the Pullen Trail (record 2033). According to Alderman Tombs in his press article, Phipps was a newsagent in 1955 (see record 2297) with no mention of Arkell. so, perhaps he had taken over 2 Station Road from Arkell? In 1960, W H Phipps made a planning application for the entire site of 48 High Street and 2-4 Station Road seeking permission to demolish the 48 High Street frontage (leaving the substantive side and back walls), to remove the thatch, and to change the use from a bank to a shop, see https://data.southoxon.gov.uk/ccm/support/Main.jsp?MODULE=HistoryDetails&REF=P60/M1111. But the application does not show Phipps breaking through from 48 High Street to 2 Station Road although, enigmatically, the site plan shows 48 High Street, the application site, shaded red and 2 Station Road shaded blue but not referred to. Barclays Bank moved to 4 Station Road, presumably as a tenant of Phipps. It is not until Yeats occupation that we have any photos that show that this became part of the shop which fronted the High Street, so we do not know when this occurred. Barclays Bank moved from 4 Station Road to a purpose-built building at 95 High Street in 1972. 4 Station Road was then used by Stephen Putt who used to repair shoes (later he had the small shop opposite the language school). Later the shop on the High Street became Yeats as shown in two of the photographs. During Yeats occupancy, they took over 2 Station Road, breaking through from 48 High Street to combine the two parts into a single shop. In 1988 it traded as Lavells Newsagents and then as Martins Newsagents. The business ceased trading in 2000 due, apparently, to an armed robbery which traumatised the owner so much that he decided not to carry on. It is once more a private house, and the 2005 planning application for the changes is found at https://data.southoxon.gov.uk/ccm/support/Main.jsp?MODULE=ApplicationDetails&REF=P05/W1104#exactline

The sequence of occupations is shown on a single-sheet plan at the end of the attchments.

In 2017, Barclays closed its Wheatley branch and left the village without a bank. The premises were taken over by Neil and Anette McCormack who moved Wheatley Post Office from their home at 107, High Street and opened The Old Bank - post office and gift shop. This continued the pattern of bank and post office following each other around the village for over 100 years! See 2131

 

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